Methane production from anaerobic mono- and co-digestion of kitchen waste and sewage sludge: synergy study on cumulative methane production and biodegradability

Varsha, S. S. V., Soomro, Abdul F., Baig, Zenab T., Vuppaladadiyam, Arun K., Murugavelh, S., and Antunes, Elsa (2020) Methane production from anaerobic mono- and co-digestion of kitchen waste and sewage sludge: synergy study on cumulative methane production and biodegradability. Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery.

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Abstract

Globally, kitchen waste (KW) and sewage sludge (SS) are two important forms of organic wastes that need immense attention during handling and management. As the characteristics and components of KW vary significantly with respect to location and season, it is often difficult to understand the behavior of KW during the (co-)digestion process. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the synergistic influence of KW over SS and vice versa during anaerobic (co-)digestion. Anaerobic mono-digestion and co-digestion of SS and KW, considering three different mixing ratios SS:KW; (SK1–25:75, SK2–50:50, SK3–75:25), was conducted to investigate their specific methane yields (SMY) and biodegradability (BD). The modified Gompertz equation was used to estimate the theoretical methane potential and used as a reference for experimental data assessment. The results demonstrated that SMYs were 212 and 368 L kg−1 VSadded for SS, and KW, respectively. Under the category of co-digestion, sample SK2 (SS:KW; 50:50) had the highest BD of 91% as compared to digestion of SS (61%) and KW (74.9%) separately. A synergistic effect on methane production was witnessed with all ratios and the maximum was noticed with SK2, ca. 40%, which can be ascribed to the enhanced hydrolysis because of the addition of KW, which is readily degradable by nature. Further, this study could be used as guidelines to the design and optimization of the co-digestion process.

Item ID: 63986
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2190-6823
Keywords: methane production, kitchen waste, sewage sludge, mono-digestion, co-digestion
Copyright Information: © Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2020 17:33
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090409 Wastewater Treatment Processes @ 50%
09 ENGINEERING > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090703 Environmental Technologies @ 50%
SEO Codes: 85 ENERGY > 8505 Renewable Energy > 850501 Biofuel (Biomass) Energy @ 100%
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