Understanding alignments and mis-alignments of values to better craft institutions in the pastoral drylands

Addison, Jane, Brown, Colin, Pavey, Chris R., Lkhagvadorj, Enkh-Orchlon, Bukhbat, Duinkherjav, and Dorjburegdaa, Lkhagvaa (2020) Understanding alignments and mis-alignments of values to better craft institutions in the pastoral drylands. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, 4. 116.

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Tensions in values between dryland pastoralists and non-pastoralists, and often between pastoralists themselves, are common globally. The re-imagining of grazed landscapes must recognize that current pastoralists have their own visions of what pastoralism does, can and should provide to both themselves and society at large. 'Disrupters' may rapidly and permanently alter the social-ecological system but understanding pastoralist visions and values may help highlight effective and ethical mechanisms by which we can gently shift current systems towards socially re-imagined systems. Here we draw on two case studies from grazed dryland landscapes to highlight the ways in which understanding pastoralist values and visions could help with this shift. We choose case studies from contrasting institutional, cultural and economic contexts to better explore fit-for-purpose policy options. The first case study is from the typical and desert steppe of Mongolia, and the second from dryland Australia. Drawing on primary data and the literature, we explore in these contexts: what constitutes a meaningful livelihood for pastoralists? how might these imaginings align (or misalign) with the imaginings of the broader population? what inertia against future societal imaginings might a potential misalignment create? and how might policy provide a push (or pull) against such an inertia? We show that context-specific understandings of pastoralist values and visions can highlight appropriate policy options to encourage the movement of social-ecological systems towards those that are more socially desirable. However, the design of these options requires understanding unique combinations of pastoral and societal values, biophysical parameters and institutional contexts.

Item ID: 63860
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2571-581X
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2020 Addison, Brown, Pavey, Lkhagvadorj, Bukhbat and Dorjburegdaa. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are creditedand that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction ispermitted which does not comply with these terms.
Funders: Australian Centre for International Agriculture Research (ACIAR)
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2020 01:03
FoR Codes: 30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3002 Agriculture, land and farm management > 300210 Sustainable agricultural development @ 20%
44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4406 Human geography > 440609 Rural and regional geography @ 50%
41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410406 Natural resource management @ 30%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960910 Sparseland, Permanent Grassland and Arid Zone Land and Water Management @ 60%
95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9599 Other Cultural Understanding > 959999 Cultural Understanding not elsewhere classified @ 20%
83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8398 Environmentally Sustainable Animal Production > 839899 Environmentally Sustainable Animal Production not elsewhere classified @ 20%
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