Point of care ultrasound in geriatric patients: prospective evaluation of a portable handheld ultrasound device

Froehlich, Eckhart, Beller, Katharina, Muller, Reinhold, Herrmann, Maria, Debove, Ines, Klinger, Christoph, Pauluschke-Froehlich, Jan, Hoffmann, Tatjana, Kreppenhofer, Sorina, and Dietrich, Christoph F. (2020) Point of care ultrasound in geriatric patients: prospective evaluation of a portable handheld ultrasound device. Ultraschall in der Medizin, 41 (3). pp. 308-316.

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Abstract

Purpose: The aim of the current study was to evaluate point of care ultrasound (POCUS) in geriatric patients by echoscopy using a handheld ultrasound device (HHUSD, VScan) at bedside in comparison to a high-end ultrasound system (HEUS) as the gold standard.

Materials and Methods: Prospective observational study with a total of 112 geriatric patients. The ultrasound examinations were independently performed by two experienced blinded examiners with a portable handheld device and a high-end ultrasound device. The findings were compared with respect to diagnostic findings and therapeutic implications.

Results: The main indications for the ultrasound examinations were dyspnea (44.6 %), fall (frailty) (24.1 %) and fever (21.4 %). The most frequently found diagnoses were cystic lesions 32.1 % (35/109), hepatic vein congestion 19.3 % (21/109) and ascites 13.6 % (15/110). HHUSD delivered 13 false-negative findings in the abdomen resulting in an "overall sensitivity" of 89.5 %. The respective "overall specificity" was 99.6 % (7 false-positive diagnoses). HHUSD (versus HEUS data) resulted in 13.6 % (17.3 %) diagnostically relevant procedures in the abdomen and 0.9 % (0.9 %) in the thorax. Without HHUSD (HEUS) 95.7 % (100 %) of important pathological findings would have been missed.

Conclusion: The small HHUSD tool improves clinical decision-making in immobile geriatric patients at the point of care (geriatric ward). In most cases, HHUSD allows sufficiently accurate yes/no diagnoses already at the bedside, thereby clarifying the leading symptoms for early clinical decision-making.

Item ID: 63799
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1438-8782
Keywords: point of care, guideline, frailty, ascites, pleural effusion
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2020 07:48
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3202 Clinical sciences > 320210 Geriatrics and gerontology @ 50%
32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3202 Clinical sciences > 320206 Diagnostic radiography @ 50%
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