Matter borrowing, pattern borrowing and typological rarities in the Gran Chaco of South America

Ciucci, Luca (2020) Matter borrowing, pattern borrowing and typological rarities in the Gran Chaco of South America. Morphology. (In Press)

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Abstract

The present paper explores the intersection between typological rarities, matter borrowing and pattern borrowing in the Gran Chaco of South America. In this region the only two living Zamucoan languages are spoken: Ayoreo and Chamacoco. Zamucoan has been for a long time in contact with the other languages of the area, in particular with the Guaycuruan and Mataguayan families. I analyze some rare features of Zamucoan, which developed through language contact or spread to neighboring languages. The reconstruction of Proto-Zamucoan permits us to understand better what has happened in terms of contact, or to figure out the development of rare characteristics involved in language contact: an example is Chamacoco clusivity, introduced via pattern borrowing. The formation of the Chamacoco first person plural exclusive is unusual; in addition, the pronominal system has acquired a split between a plural and a 'greater plural', a pattern borrowing from Niva& x109;le (Mataguayan). Some features spread from Chamacoco to Kadiweu (Guaycuruan), two languages with a well-documented story of contact. These are: (i) The affix order in the third person plural of Chamacoco verbs, where number prefix precedes person prefix; (ii) The marking of gender and number of possessive classifiers, found in the Kadiweu classifier for domestic animals. Other unusual features discussed here are voiceless nasals, para-hypotaxis and traces of egophoricity.

Item ID: 63792
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1871-5656
Keywords: Affix order, Clusivity, Egophoricity, Greater plural, Language contact, Possessive classifiers, Zamucoan, Guaycuruan, Mataguayan, Chaco
Copyright Information: © Springer Nature B.V. 202
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2020 07:51
FoR Codes: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200408 Linguistic Structures (incl Grammar, Phonology, Lexicon, Semantics) @ 40%
20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200405 Language in Culture and Society (Sociolinguistics) @ 20%
20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200406 Language in Time and Space (incl Historical Linguistics, Dialectology) @ 40%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture @ 100%
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