Differences among protected area governance types matter for conserving vegetation communities at-risk of loss and fragmentation

Archibald, Carla L., Barnes, Megan D., Tulloch, Ayesha I.T., Fitzsimons, James A., Morrison, Tiffany H., Mills, Morena, and Rhodes, Jonathan R. (2020) Differences among protected area governance types matter for conserving vegetation communities at-risk of loss and fragmentation. Biological Conservation, 247. 108533.

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Abstract

Private and Indigenous protected areas are a growing component of the global protected area network. Countries can benefit from a diversity of protected area governance types as a means of creating complementarity and robust national reserve networks. However, strategically allocating resources among governance types requires a greater understanding of similarities and differences in how each protected area governance type represents ecosystems. Using a novel approach based on compositional analysis, we investigate to what extent government, private and Indigenous protected areas represent at-risk vegetation communities that have historically been impacted by habitat loss and fragmentation. We show that the relative representation of at-risk vegetation is different between government, private and Indigenous protected areas. Government and privately protected areas have a higher relative representation of at-risk vegetation over lower concern vegetation, a pattern which was not found for Indigenous protected areas. These results reflect how land tenure, and subsequently protected areas, have historically been allocated in Australia. We urge researchers and policymakers to recognize how the opportunities and constraints associated with government, private and Indigenous protected areas may affect their contribution towards conservation goals. Insights from such studies are important to develop complementary and robust conservation strategies across protected area governance types.

Item ID: 63787
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-2917
Copyright Information: © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Funders: Australian Postgraduate Award, ARC Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2020 07:42
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1605 Policy and Administration > 160507 Environment Policy @ 60%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 40%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960605 Institutional Arrangements for Environmental Protection @ 60%
95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9503 Heritage > 950305 Conserving Natural Heritage @ 40%
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