Canine trypanosomosis in Sri Lanka: an emerging problem reported from three distinct geographic locations

Dangolla, A., Wijesundara, D. L. R., Blair, D., Fernando, D. D., Wijesundera, K. K., Chathuranga, W. G. D., de Silva, W. A. P. P., and Rajakaruna, R. S. (2020) Canine trypanosomosis in Sri Lanka: an emerging problem reported from three distinct geographic locations. Parasitology International, 77. 102129.

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Abstract

Here we report three cases of canine trypanosomosis presented to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital in the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences at the University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka during 2018. The cases were presented to the hospital when the dogs were already in critical condition. Confirmation of the cases was done by microscopic examination of Giemsa-stained thin blood smears. All three dogs had bilateral keratitis and anterior chamber cloudiness in eyes. Despite the intramuscular administration of diminazine aceturate, all of them subsequently died. Amplification and sequencing of a fragment of the internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) of the nuclear ribosomal DNA confirmed the parasite as Trypanosoma. evansi. This is the first record of clinical cases of canine trypanosomosis in Sri Lanka. The three cases reported here came from widely separated geographical locations within the country: Balangoda, Mullaitivu and Kadawatha.

Item ID: 63575
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-0329
Copyright Information: © 2020 Published by Elsevier B.V.
Funders: University of Peradeniya
Projects and Grants: Grant no URG/2016/68/V
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2020 07:52
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070708 Veterinary Parasitology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8399 Other Animal Production and Animal Primary Products > 839901 Animal Welfare @ 75%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970107 Expanding Knowledge in the Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences @ 25%
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