Anatomical and dosimetric assessment of the prostate apex: a pilot comparison of image-guided transperineal ultrasound to conventional computed tomography simulation

Shanker, Mihir D., Kim, Anna N.H., Brown, Amy, and Tan, Alex H.M. (2020) Anatomical and dosimetric assessment of the prostate apex: a pilot comparison of image-guided transperineal ultrasound to conventional computed tomography simulation. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology, 64 (6). pp. 839-844.

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Abstract

Introduction Inaccuracies in prostate apex contour delineation based on simulation computed tomography (CT) imaging can impact treatment outcomes and toxicity profiles for prostate cancer radiotherapy. Transperineal ultrasound (TPUS) is a non-invasive imaging modality that can improve delineation of prostate volumes. We performed a pilot analysis to assess for differences in anatomical position between conventional CT and a TPUS delineated prostate apex and determined whether these translated into a clinically significant difference in apical point dose.

Methods A 2D 5 MHz TPUS autoscan image guidance system was utilised during definitive intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for prostate cancer. Distances were measured from a fixed reference point to prostate apex on both US and CT in the mid-sagittal plane. Differences between groups were assessed using the Wilcoxon sign rank test with a two-tailed significance of alpha = 0.05.

Results Fifty-nine consecutive patients were independently assessed. There was strong evidence of a difference between CT and TPUS delineated apex position (P = 0.0075). Median apex position was 3.6 mm caudal on TPUS vs. CT imaging (95% CI: 2.5-4.8 mm). There was strong evidence of a difference in point dose between CT and TPUS delineated apex (P = 0.0029). Median point dose at the TPUS contoured apex was 1.9 Gy lower than CT (95% CI: 0.7-3.1 Gy) corresponding to 98% of prescribed dose.

Conclusions This study demonstrates a difference in anatomical delineation of prostate apex position between CT imaging compared to TPUS, corresponding to a statistically significant difference in apex point dose. Further analysis will determine whether this translates to a clinically significant difference in outcomes.

Item ID: 63193
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1754-9485
Keywords: apex, dosimetry, prostate, simulation, transperineal ultrasound
Copyright Information: © 2020 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists
Funders: Queensland Health, Townsville Hospital and Health Service Study, Education and Research (SERTA)
Date Deposited: 20 May 2020 07:38
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3202 Clinical sciences > 320206 Diagnostic radiography @ 100%
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