The earliest Jurassic A-type rhyolites and high-Mg andesites-dacites in southern Jiangxi Province, southeast China: evidence for delamination of a flat-slab?

Zhu, Wei-Guang, Zhong, Hong, Chen, Xing, Huang, Hui-Qing, Bai, Zhong-Jie, Yao, Jun-Hua, Wang, Yan-Jun, and Hu, Peng-Cheng (2020) The earliest Jurassic A-type rhyolites and high-Mg andesites-dacites in southern Jiangxi Province, southeast China: evidence for delamination of a flat-slab? Lithos, 358-359. 105403.

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Early Jurassic igneous rocks are abundant in the Nanling Range, southeastern China. They are closely relatedwith economically significant deposits, but the tectonic-magmatic controls on their formation are still controversial. This paper reports zircon U-Pb-Hf-O isotopes for the rhyolites, andwhole-rock major-trace element and Sr-Nd isotope compositions for the rhyolites and andesites/dacites in the Changpu and Dongkeng basins located in the southern part of Jiangxi Province. The Changpu and Dongkeng rhyolites have high K2O contents (4.1-7.6 wt%) and K2O/Na2O ratios (> 1). Both groups are enriched in HFSE, LREE and show pronounced Nb-Ta-Eu-Sr-P-Ti negative anomalies. Geochemically, they can be classified as A-type and are similar to A(2)-type granitoids globally. Their highly evolved whole-rock Sr-Nd isotopes and elevated zircon delta O-18 (Changpu rhyolites: (87Sr/86Sr)(i) = 0.7140 to 0.7156, epsilon(Nd)(t) = -7.2 to -8.7, delta O-18 = 8.76 to 9.93%; Dongkeng rhyolites: (Sr-87/Sr-86) i = 0.7149 to 0.7162, epsilon(Nd)( t) = -6.4 to -7.9, delta O-18 = 7.04 to 9.78%) are consistent with their generation dominated by remelting of exisiting crustalmaterials in an extensional environment. The slightly more radiogenic zircon Hf isotopes of the Dongkeng rhyolites, epsilon(Hf)(t) = -2.1 to -7.1 as compared with -6.1 to -8.3 of Changpu rhyolites, likely signify some mantle contribution. The Changpu high-Mg andesites-dacites are geochemically similar to high-Mg andesites (HMAs) of the Setouchi arc volcanic belt in Japan and the Piip Volcanos in the western Aleutian Arc. They have very low epsilon(Nd)(t) from -7.8 to -11.3 and highly radiogenic (Sr-87/Sr-86) i values from 0.7143 to 0.7154. Similar to HMAs in Setouchi, we suggest that they may be derived from melting of subducted sediments and followed by melt-mantle interaction.

SIMS zircon U-Pb dating yielded extrusive ages of similar to 190Ma for both Changpu and Dongkeng rhyolites. The new dating results constrain theminimumage of extrusion of rhyolites and andesites-dacites fromthe same volcanic sequence to be the earliest Jurassic period. Igneous rocks of this age have very limited distribution in south China. While those found in the coastal regions show features similar to arc rocks, these in the hinterland are rift related. We propose that formation of the Early Jurassic A-type rhyolites and high-Mg and esites-dacitesmay provide evidence for foundering/delamination of a previously subducted oceanic plateau beneath southeastern China.

Item ID: 63089
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0024-4937
Keywords: Zircon U-Pb ages, Sr-Nd-O-Hf isotopes, Geochemistry, Early Jurassic, Felsic volcanic rocks, Southeastern China
Copyright Information: © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Funders: National Key R&D Program of China (NKRDPC), National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC)
Projects and Grants: NKRDPC 2016YFC0600405, NNSFC Grant 41572074, NNSFC Grant 41273049
Date Deposited: 13 May 2020 07:36
FoR Codes: 37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3705 Geology > 370503 Igneous and metamorphic petrology @ 50%
37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3703 Geochemistry > 370399 Geochemistry not elsewhere classified @ 50%
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