Clinical outcomes of maxillary anterior postextraction socket implants with immediate provisional restorations using a novel macro-hybrid implant design: an 18-to 24-month single-cohort prospective study

Östman, Par-Olov, Chu, Stephen J., Drago, Carl, Saito, Hanae, and Nevins, Myron (2020) Clinical outcomes of maxillary anterior postextraction socket implants with immediate provisional restorations using a novel macro-hybrid implant design: an 18-to 24-month single-cohort prospective study. International Journal of Periodontics and Restorative Dentistry, 40 (3). pp. 355-363.

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Abstract

Extraction and immediate implant placement/restoration in the esthetic zone is clinically challenging; benefits include fewer surgical appointments and maintenance of peri-implant soft tissues throughout the treatment period, and limitations include gingival recession and bone dehiscence during surgery. Macrohybrid implants (large-diameter apical/narrow-diameter occlusal) were placed in 19 patients immediately following the extraction of hopeless maxillary anterior teeth. Immediate restorations were fabricated without occlusal contacts. Pre- and postplacement cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans were taken. Nineteen implants were available for recall 13 to 25 months postoperatively. The overall implant cumulative survival rate was 100% (range: 13 to 25 months, mean: 19 months), and mean insertion torque value was 65 Ncm. Mean Pink Esthetic Score was 12.63 at 6 months, and was 13 at the 18- to 24-month follow-up. Mean mesial and distal tooth-to-implant distances immediately after implant placement were 2.55 +/- 1.29 mm and 2.29 +/- 0.82 mm, respectively. Interproximal bone crest width, distance, and height were maintained at implant platforms, mesially and distally, 18 to 24 months postoperative. The results of this study indicated that the macro-hybrid implant geometry for this immediate surgical/restorative protocol provided excellent and stable 2-year results relative to implant survival (100%), labial plate thickness via CBCT evaluations, tooth-to-implant distances immediately post-implant placement, PES, and interproximal bone crest width, distance, and heights, which were maintained at the implant platforms.

Item ID: 62855
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1945-3388
Copyright Information: © 2020 Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2020 07:48
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3203 Dentistry > 320306 Oral implantology @ 100%
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