Discrete jurassic and cretaceous mineralization events at the Xiangdong W(-Sn) deposit, Nanling range, South China

Xiong, Yi-Qu, Shao, Yong-Jun, Cheng, Yanbo, and Jiang, Shao-Yong (2020) Discrete jurassic and cretaceous mineralization events at the Xiangdong W(-Sn) deposit, Nanling range, South China. Economic Geology, 115 (2). pp. 385-413.

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Abstract

The Xiangdong W(-Sn) deposit is hosted in the Dengfuxian multiphase granites (biotite, two-mica, and muscovite granites) within the Nanling Range metallogenic belt in south China. Previous studies suggested that the W(-Sn) mineralization in the Xiangdong deposit is related to the Late Jurassic two-mica granite, whereas recently W-Sn-bearing quartz veins have also been identified in muscovite granite. We present new cassiterite and zircon U-Pb ages to constrain the timing of W-Sn mineralization and related granitic magmatism. Our laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry U-Pb dating of zircon grains, combined with previous zircon ages, in addition to the trace element composition of the muscovite granite, suggest the muscovite granite in the Dengfuxian pluton was emplaced at b 145 to 142 Ma and shows highly evolved features. Cassiterite grains from the ore-bearing veins in two-mica granite yielded U-Pb ages of 151.6 +/- 3.7 and 141 to 138 Ma, whereas cassiterite grains from quartz veins occurring in muscovite granite yielded a U-Pb age of 136.8 +/- 3.3 Ma. The new ages and detailed geologic evidence indicate that the Early Cretaceous muscovite granite is also genetically related to W-Sn mineralization. Combining this with previously published data from the Late Jurassic two-mica granites and related mineralization, we suggest that there were two stages of W-Sn mineralization at Xiangdong. Arsenopyrite geothermometry from the two stages suggests temperatures of 300 degrees to 491 degrees and 308 degrees to 450 degrees C in stage I and stage II, respectively. Wolframite grains from the two stages also show different characteristics and patterns for their major and trace elements. The enrichment in Sc in wolframite suggests low-pH and low-Eh conditions for a fluid containing F- and/or PO43- complexes during stage I, whereas higher contents of Nb and Ta and lower contents of Sc in wolframite from stage II indicate relatively lower pH and higher Eh conditions. In combination with data from other recent studies, we propose that the 145 to 130 Ma interval represents a newly recognized W-Sn metallogenic period linked with highly evolved granites in the Nanling Range metallogenic belt. The Early Cretaceous muscovite granite is an important new target for W and Sn resources in south China.

Item ID: 62848
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1554-0774
Keywords: Jurassic ; Cretaceous ; mineralization ; exploration ; W-Sn deposits
Copyright Information: ©2020 Society of Economic Geologists, Inc.
Funders: National Key R&D Program of China (NKRDPC), National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (FRFCU), China University of Geosciences (CUG), State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources, Central South University China (CSU-China), China Geological Survey (CGS), Hunan Key Laboratory of Land Resources Evaluation and Utilization (HKL), National Technical Standard System of Mineral Resources and Reserves (NTSSMRR), Hunan Provincial Science and Technology Plan (HPSTP)
Projects and Grants: NKRDPC no. 2017YFC0602405, NNSFC Project no. 41803044, NNSFC Project no. 91755208, CUG-Wuhan CUGCJ1709, CUG-Wuhan CUGQY1914, CUG MSF-GPMR03-2, CSU-China Project of Innovation-Driven Plan no. 2015CX008, CSU-China no. 2016zzts082, CGS Integrated Exploration Project no. 12120114052101, HKL no. SYS-ZX-201903, NTSSMRR Construction Project CB2017-4-10, HPSTP Project 2017TP1029
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2020 07:40
FoR Codes: 37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3705 Geology > 370502 Geochronology @ 50%
37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3705 Geology > 370505 Mineralogy and crystallography @ 50%
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