How long have dogs been in Melanesia? New evidence from Caution Bay, south coast of Papua New Guinea

Manne, Tiina, David, Bruno, Petchey, Fiona, Leavesley, Matthew, Roberts, Georgia, Szabó, Katherine, Urwin, Chris, Mcniven, Ian J., and Richards, Thomas (2020) How long have dogs been in Melanesia? New evidence from Caution Bay, south coast of Papua New Guinea. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 30. 102255.

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Abstract

Currently the earliest evidence for dog dispersal into the Greater Australian region and surrounds is found in Australia (Madura Cave 3210–3361 cal BP), New Ireland (Kamgot, c. 3000–3300 cal BP) and Timor-Leste (Matja Kuru 2, 2886–3068 cal BP). Previously, the earliest published dog remains for the large continental island of New Guinea was from Edubu 1 (2314–2700 cal BP) in Caution Bay, south coast of mainland PNG. Here we report on a dog mandible from Moiapu 1, also in Caution Bay. Although the mandible could not be directly dated, good chronostratigraphic resolution indicates that it confidently dates to between 2573 and 2702 cal BP (95% probability). It was found deeply buried in association with Late Lapita cultural materials, and is currently the earliest known dog remain from New Guinea. Biometric measurements on a small sample of archaeological and modern dog remains from the broader region support previously published models (based on genetic results) of multiple dog dispersals into the Pacific region.

Item ID: 62657
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2352-4103
Keywords: Archaeology of southwestern Pacific; Caution Bay; Lapita; New Guinea; Pacific dogs; South coast of Papua New Guinea
Copyright Information: © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC Centre of Excellence for Australian Biodiversity and Heritage (CE170100015)
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2020 02:53
FoR Codes: 21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2101 Archaeology > 210106 Archaeology of New Guinea and Pacific Islands (excl New Zealand) @ 70%
21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2101 Archaeology > 210102 Archaeological Science @ 30%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9505 Understanding Past Societies > 950599 Understanding Past Societies not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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