Interaction of reelin and stress on immobility in the forced swim test but not dopamine-mediated locomotor hyperactivity or prepulse inhibition disruption: Relevance to psychotic and mood disorders

Notaras, Michael J., Vivian, Billie, Wilson, Carey, and van den Buuse, Maarten (2020) Interaction of reelin and stress on immobility in the forced swim test but not dopamine-mediated locomotor hyperactivity or prepulse inhibition disruption: Relevance to psychotic and mood disorders. Schizophrenia Research, 215. pp. 485-492.

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Abstract

Rationale

Psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia, as well as some mood disorders, such as bipolar disorder, have been suggested to share common biological risk factors. One such factor is reelin, a large extracellular matrix glycoprotein that regulates neuronal migration during development as well as numerous activity-dependent processes in the adult brain. The current study sought to evaluate whether a history of stress exposure interacts with endogenous reelin levels to modify behavioural endophenotypes of relevance to psychotic and mood disorders.

Methods

Heterozygous Reeler Mice (HRM) and wildtype (WT) controls were treated with 50 mg/L of corticosterone (CORT) in their drinking water from 6 to 9 weeks of age, before undergoing behavioural testing in adulthood. We assessed methamphetamine-induced locomotor hyperactivity, prepulse inhibition (PPI) of acoustic startle, short-term spatial memory in the Y-maze, and depression-like behaviour in the Forced-Swim Test (FST).

Results

HRM genotype or CORT treatment did not affect methamphetamine-induced locomotor hyperactivity, a model of psychosis-like behaviour. At baseline, HRM showed decreased PPI at the commonly used 100 msec interstimulus interval (ISI), but not at the 30 msec ISI or following challenge with apomorphine. A history of CORT exposure potentiated immobility in the FST amongst HRM, but not WT mice. In the Y-maze. chronic CORT treatment decreased novel arm preference amongst HRM, reflecting reduced short-term spatial memory.

Conclusion

These data confirm a significant role of endogenous reelin levels on stress-related behaviour, supporting a possible role in both bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. However, an interaction of reelin deficiency with dopaminergic regulation of psychosis-like behaviour remains unclear.

Item ID: 62635
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1573-2509
Keywords: Reelin, Psychosis, Behavioural despair, Dopamine, Memory
Copyright Information: © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Funders: Australian Postgraduate Award (APA), National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC), La Trobe University (LTU)
Projects and Grants: NHMRC Senior Research Fellowship
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2020 07:43
FoR Codes: 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5202 Biological psychology > 520202 Behavioural neuroscience @ 100%
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