Nativity, duration of residence and chronic health conditions in Australia: Do trends converge towards the native-born population?

Jatrana, Santosh, Pasupuleti, Samba Siva Rao, and Richardson, Ken (2014) Nativity, duration of residence and chronic health conditions in Australia: Do trends converge towards the native-born population? Social Science and Medicine, 119. pp. 53-63.

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Abstract

Using data from waves 3, 7 and 9 of the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey, a group-mean-centred multilevel mixed model and self-reported chronic conditions, this study contributes to the limited longitudinal evidence on the nativity health gap in Australia. We investigated whether differences exist in the reporting of any chronic condition (including cancer, cardiovascular disease (CVD), arthritis, diabetes and respiratory disease), and in the total number of chronic conditions, between foreign-born (FB) from English speaking (ES) and non-English speaking (NES) countries and native-born (NB) Australians. We also investigated differences between these groups in the reporting of any chronic condition, and the total number of chronic conditions, by duration of residence. After adjusting for time varying and time invariant covariates, we found a significant difference by nativity status in the reporting of chronic condition, with immigrants from both ES and NES countries less likely to report a chronic condition and having fewer chronic conditions compared with the NB. Immigrants from both ES and NES countries living in Australia for less than 20 years were significantly less likely to report a chronic condition compared with the NB. However, the health of both these groups converged to that of the NB population in terms of reporting a chronic condition after 20 years of stay in Australia.

Item ID: 62588
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-5347
Keywords: Australia, Chronic conditions, Duration of residence, Longitudinal, Migrants
Copyright Information: © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC DP120104604
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2021 00:54
FoR Codes: 44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4403 Demography > 440303 Migration @ 60%
44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4403 Demography > 440305 Population trends and policies @ 10%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420606 Social determinants of health @ 30%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280123 Expanding knowledge in human society @ 70%
20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200407 Health status (incl. wellbeing) @ 30%
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