Dietary protein intake may reduce hospitalisation due to infection in Maori of advanced age: LiLACS NZ

Wham, Carol, Baggett, Fiona, Teh, Ruth, Moyes, Simon, Kepa, Mere, Connolly, Martin, Jatrana, Santosh, and Kerse, Ngaire (2015) Dietary protein intake may reduce hospitalisation due to infection in Maori of advanced age: LiLACS NZ. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 39 (4). pp. 390-395.

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Abstract

Objective: To investigate factors related to hospital admission for infection, specifically examining nutrient intakes of Ma¯ori in advanced age (80+ years).

Method: Face-to-face interviews with 200 Ma¯ori (85 men) to obtain demographic, social and health information. Diagnoses were validated against medical records. Detailed nutritional assessment using the 24-hour multiple-pass recall method was collected on two separate days. FOODfiles was used to analyse nutrient intake. National Health Index (NHI) numbers were matched to hospitalisations over a two-year period (12 months prior and 12 months following dietary assessment). Selected International Classification of Disease (ICD) codes were used to identify admissions related to infection.

Results: A total of 18% of participants were hospitalised due to infection, most commonly lower respiratory tract infection. Controlling for age, gender, NZ deprivation index, diabetes, CVD and chronic lung disease, a lower energy-adjusted protein intake was independently associated with hospitalisation due to infection: OR (95%CI) 1.14 (1.00-1.29), p=0.046.

Conclusions: Protein intake may have a protective effect on the nutrition-related morbidity of older Ma¯ori. Improving dietary protein intake is a simple strategy for dietary modification aiming to decrease the risk of infections that lead to hospitalisation and other morbidities.

Item ID: 62587
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1753-6405
Keywords: aged, indigenous, New Zealand, nutrition
Copyright Information: © 2015 Public Health Association of Australia
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2021 23:09
FoR Codes: 45 INDIGENOUS STUDIES > 4510 Te hauora me te oranga o te Māori (Māori health and wellbeing) > 451018 Ngā tokoingoa pāpori o te hauora o te Māori (Māori social determinants of health) @ 50%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4202 Epidemiology > 420210 Social epidemiology @ 20%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420606 Social determinants of health @ 30%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280112 Expanding knowledge in the health sciences @ 30%
28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280114 Expanding knowledge in Indigenous studies @ 50%
20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200407 Health status (incl. wellbeing) @ 20%
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