Women's autonomy, education and birth intervals in India: visiting the less familiar

Jatrana, Santosh, and Pasupuleti, Samba Siva Rao (2015) Women's autonomy, education and birth intervals in India: visiting the less familiar. Asian Population Studies, 11 (2). pp. 172-190.

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Using data from the third National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) on currently married fecund women who have had at least one birth during 2001–2002 and Cox-proportional hazard models, this study examines the less researched association between women's autonomy and birth-to-conception intervals in India. It also examines whether women's autonomy mediates or moderates the relationship between education and birth-to-conception interval. Our results indicate that after adjusting for demographic and socioeconomic factors, women's autonomy was a significant predictor of birth-to-conception intervals, with higher autonomy positively associated with larger birth-to-conception intervals. Education of women was also independently associated with longer birth-to-conception intervals. However, this study did not provide any support to the general perception that women's autonomy mediates the association between women's education and birth-to-conception interval. Women's autonomy rather than being a mediator acted as a moderator in this association. Policy measures to increase the spacing between births should emphasise not only improving the education of women but also their autonomy.

Item ID: 62585
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1744-1749
Keywords: birth interval, contraceptive use, Cox regression, India, Women's autonomy, women's education
Copyright Information: © 2015 Taylor & Francis.
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2021 01:32
FoR Codes: 44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4403 Demography > 440302 Fertility @ 100%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280123 Expanding knowledge in human society @ 50%
15 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 1502 Macroeconomics > 150202 Demography @ 50%
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