Are immigrants more physically active than native-born Australians and does it changes over time? Evidence from a nationally representative longitudinal survey

Joshi, Suresh, Jatrana, Santosh, and Paradies, Yin (2017) Are immigrants more physically active than native-born Australians and does it changes over time? Evidence from a nationally representative longitudinal survey. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 14 (2). pp. 145-154.

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Abstract

Background: We investigated the differences and over time changes in recommended physical activity among foreign-born (FB) from English speaking countries (ESC) and non-English speaking countries (NESC) relative to native-born (NB) Australians, and whether the association between nativity and duration of residence (DoR) and physical activity is mediated by English language proficiency, socioeconomic status and social engagement/membership.

Methods: This study applies multilevel group-mean-centered mixed (hybrid) logistic regression models to 12 waves of longitudinal data (12,634 individuals) from the Household, Income and Labor Dynamics in Australia survey with engagement in physical activities for more than 3 times a week as the outcome variable.

Results: Immigrants from ESC had higher odds of physical activity, while immigrants from NESC had significantly lower odds of physical activity than NB Australians, after adjusting for covariates. There was no evidence that these differences changed by DoR among immigrants from NESC, whereas ESC immigrants had higher odds of physical activity when their DoR was more than 20 years. We also found a mediating role of English language proficiency on immigrants physical activities.

Conclusion: Appropriate health promotion interventions should be implemented to foster physical activities among NESC immigrants, considering English language proficiency as an important factor in designing interventions.

Item ID: 62575
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1543-3080
Keywords: Exercise, Foreign-born, Migrants, Nativity, Panel data
Copyright Information: © 2017 Human Kinetics, Inc.
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2021 01:26
FoR Codes: 44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4403 Demography > 440303 Migration @ 70%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4202 Epidemiology > 420210 Social epidemiology @ 10%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420606 Social determinants of health @ 20%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280123 Expanding knowledge in human society @ 70%
15 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 1502 Macroeconomics > 150202 Demography @ 20%
28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280112 Expanding knowledge in the health sciences @ 10%
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