Lunge exercises with blood-flow restriction induces post-activation potentiation and improves vertical jump performance

Doma, Kenji, Leicht, Anthony S., Boullosa, Daniel, and Woods, Carl T. (2020) Lunge exercises with blood-flow restriction induces post-activation potentiation and improves vertical jump performance. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 120. pp. 687-695.

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Abstract

Purpose

This study examined the post-activation potentiation effects of body-weight lunge exercises with blood-flow restriction on jump performance. Eighteen anaerobically trained men took part in this study across 3 weeks.

Methods

During the first week, participants were familiarised with the lunge exercises with blood-flow restriction and the drop-jump protocol. In the second and third week, participants were randomly allocated to complete body-weight lunges (three sets of eight repetitions) either with or without blood-flow restriction (occlusion set at 130% of systolic blood pressure) to induce post-activation potentiation. Drop-jump performance was assessed between blood-flow conditions, and prior to, and at the third, sixth, ninth, twelfth and fifteenth minute following each lunge exercise. Relationships between mechanical contributors of jump performance and final jump performance were examined via Pearson correlation coefficients.

Results

Lunges with blood-flow restriction significantly improved jump height (~ 4.5% ± 0.8%), flight time (~ 3.4% ± 0.3%) and power (~ 4.1% ± 0.3%) within 6–15 min post-exercise (p < 0.05) with the magnitude of effect between blood-flow conditions, moderate–large (0.54–1.16). No significant changes (p > 0.05) were found in jump performance measures following lunge exercises without blood-flow restriction. Significant correlations (p < 0.05) between mechanical contributors of jump performance and jump performance highlighted the potential of blood-flow restriction to enhance stretch–shortening cycle mechanics in the current study.

Conclusion

Lunge exercises with blood-flow restriction improved subsequent jump performance in anaerobically trained men. The use of blood-flow restriction may be a practical alternative to heavy resistance training equipment during warm-up protocols.

Item ID: 62558
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1439-6327
Keywords: Resistance training, Muscular power, Occlusion, Lower body, Drop-jump
Copyright Information: © Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2020 07:31
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4207 Sports science and exercise > 420702 Exercise physiology @ 100%
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