Self-esteem moderates the effect of compromising thinking on forgiveness among Chinese early adolescents

Hong, Wei, Liu, Ru-De, Ding, Yi, Oei, Tian Po, Fu, Xinchen, Jiang, Ronghuan, and Jiang, Shuyang (2020) Self-esteem moderates the effect of compromising thinking on forgiveness among Chinese early adolescents. Frontiers in Psychology, 11. 104.

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Abstract

Forgiveness contributes to positive social relationships, which is critical for individual development, particularly for early adolescents. Most previous studies focused on the unique roles of cognitive factors (e.g., compromising thinking) and personality traits (e.g., self-esteem) in the process of developing forgiveness. However, sporadic research has examined their interactive effect on forgiveness from an integrated perspective. Given that forgiveness has been categorized into decisional and emotional forgiveness, this study aimed to examine the effects of compromising thinking on two types of forgiveness, and the moderating effects of self-esteem on the association between compromising thinking and forgiveness among early adolescents. A total of 1,009 Chinese primary and secondary school students (50.4% males; M age = 11.75, SD = 1.27) were recruited to complete three self-reported questionnaires. The results showed that compromising thinking predicted decisional forgiveness but not emotional forgiveness. Furthermore, self-esteem was identified to moderate the conditional effects of compromising thinking on decisional and emotional forgiveness. These findings advance a better understanding of the construct and mechanism of forgiveness, which can provide insights for targeted forgiveness interventions among early adolescents, such as compromising thinking instructions and self-esteem enhancement programs.

Item ID: 62528
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1664-1078
Keywords: compromising thinking, decisional forgiveness, emotional forgiveness, self-esteem, early adolescents
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2020 Hong, Liu, Ding, Oei, Fu, Jiang and Jiang. This is an open-accessarticle distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License(CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, providedthe original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Funders: Beijing Normal University
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2020 03:50
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170103 Educational Psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920205 Health Education and Promotion @ 100%
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