Regulation of connexin 43 by interleukin 1 beta in adult rat cardiac fibroblasts and effects in an adult rat cardiac myocyte: fibroblast co-culture model

McArthur, Lisa, Riddell, Alexandra, Chilton, Lisa, Smith, Godfrey L., and Nicklin, Stuart A. (2020) Regulation of connexin 43 by interleukin 1 beta in adult rat cardiac fibroblasts and effects in an adult rat cardiac myocyte: fibroblast co-culture model. Heliyon, 6 (1). Heliyon.

[img]
Preview
PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (2MB) | Preview
View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e...
 
1
9


Abstract

Connexin 43 expression (Cx43) is increased in cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) following myocardial infarction. Here, potential mediators responsible for increasing Cx43 expression and effects of differential CF phenotype on cardiac myocyte (CM) function were investigated. Stimulating adult rat CFs with proinflammatory mediators revealed that interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta) significantly enhanced Cx43 levels through the IL-1 beta pathway. Additionally, IL-1 beta reduced mRNA levels of the myofibroblast (MF) markers: (i) connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) and (ii) alpha smooth muscle actin (alpha SMA), compared to control CFs. A co-culture adult rat CM:CF model was utilised to examine cell-to-cell interactions. Transfer of calcein from CMs to underlying CFs suggested functional gap junction formation. Functional analysis revealed contraction duration (CD) of CMs was shortened in co-culture with CFs, while treatment of CFs with IL-1 beta reduced this mechanical effect of co-culture. No effect on action potential rise time or duration of CMs cultured with control or IL-1 beta-treated CFs was observed. These data demonstrate that stimulating CFs with IL-1 beta increases Cx43 and reduces MF marker expression, suggesting altered cell phenotype. These changes may underlie the reduced mechanical effects of IL-1 beta treated CFs on CD of co-cultured CMs and therefore have an implication for our understanding of heterocellular interactions in cardiac disease.

Item ID: 62494
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2405-8440
Keywords: Cell biology, Molecular biology, Cell culture, Membrane, Gene expression, Cardiovascular system, Myofibroblast, Inflammation, Heterocellular coupling, Cardiac myocyte contraction, Action potential
Copyright Information: © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Funders: British Heart Foundation (BHF)
Projects and Grants: BHF PhD studentship (FS/12/66/30003)
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2020 07:34
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3201 Cardiovascular medicine and haematology > 320101 Cardiology (incl. cardiovascular diseases) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 9
Last 12 Months: 9
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page