The ash-quartz sand interaction behaviours during steam gasification or combustion of a freshwater and a marine species of macroalgae

He, Zimeng, Saw, Woei L., Lane, Daniel J., van Eyk, Philip J., de Nys, Rocky, Nathan, Graham J., and Ashman, Peter J. (2020) The ash-quartz sand interaction behaviours during steam gasification or combustion of a freshwater and a marine species of macroalgae. Fuel, 263. 116621.

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Abstract

The interactions between ash and quartz sand as the bed material were studied for two species of macroalgae, Oedogonium intermedium (a freshwater species) and Derbesia tenuissima (a marine species). The interaction tests were performed in a lab-scale, fixed-bed reactor under a steam gasification (50% v/v steam) or a combustion (5% v/v O-2) atmosphere at 900 degrees C for different reaction times (10 min to 6 h). For both macroalgae, some of the Na and K are found to interact with other elements, such as Mg, Si, P, Ca and Fe to form ash particles. For ODN, these low melting-point phosphorus-rich ash particles are present in sufficient quantities to adhere to the quartz sand and form agglomerates via a melting-induced mechanism. In addition, some of the Na and K react with Si from the quartz sand to form a coating layer, which promotes a coating-induced mechanism. Both mechanisms contribute to a similar extent for ODN; while the coating-induced mechanism dominates for Deb, which includes the diffusion of some Ca into the coating layer. For Deb, the steam gasification atmosphere significantly affects the size of the agglomerates, the mass fractions of K and Na retained in the agglomerates and the formation of various types of silicates in the agglomerates, when compared with those under the combustion atmosphere. However, the influence of the steam gasification atmosphere on both the morphology and the elemental composition of the ODN agglomerates is less obvious. For Deb, a high content of S is detected for the individual separate ash particles within the agglomerates during combustion, whereas negligible S is found during steam gasification.

Item ID: 62493
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-7153
Keywords: Agglomeration, Steam gasification, Combustion, Macroalgae, Ash
Copyright Information: © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Funders: Chinese Scholarship Council (CSC), Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA)
Projects and Grants: ARENA Australian Solar Thermal Research Initiative (ASTRI)
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2020 07:32
FoR Codes: 40 ENGINEERING > 4012 Fluid mechanics and thermal engineering > 401202 Bio-fluids @ 50%
40 ENGINEERING > 4002 Automotive engineering > 400201 Automotive combustion and fuel engineering @ 50%
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