Institutions and macrodevelopments

Addison, Jane, Brown, Colin G., Lkhagvadorj, Enkh-Orchlon, Zhang, Jing, Waldron, Scott, Bao, Zhang, and Duinkherjav, Bukhbat (2020) Institutions and macrodevelopments. In: Brown, Colin G., (ed.) Common Grasslands in Asia: a comparative analysis of Chinese and Mongolian grasslands. Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, Cheltenham, Glos, UK, pp. 12-47.

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[Extract] Natural resource use is influenced by many factors, but institutions, the rules or norms developed by shared perceptions of a group about appropriate behaviour, are a critical driver of pastoral land use. In turn, resource use impacts upon both environmental conditions and resource user livelihoods, meaning that institutions are a critical mediator of both. To set the context, broad differences and similarities in resource characteristics of Inner Mongolia and Mongolia are described. The ways in which these characteristics drive the formation of institutions that govern grassland use follows, leaving detailed spatial and temporal aspects of these characteristics to later chapters. An overview of important informal and formal institutions related to natural resource use on grasslands is provided, including an examination of potential transaction costs associated with institutions. The chapter concludes by emphasising important recent macrodevelopments impacting upon grasslands. Analysing the ways in which formal and informal institutions and macrodevelopments interact provides useful insights on their impact on natural resource use and herder livelihoods.

Item ID: 62432
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-1-78897-405-9
Copyright Information: © Colin G. Brown 2020
Projects and Grants: 2210.95257.2338
Date Deposited: 06 May 2020 03:04
FoR Codes: 44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4406 Human geography > 440606 Political geography @ 100%
SEO Codes: 91 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 9199 Other Economic Framework > 919999 Economic Framework not elsewhere classified @ 20%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960705 Rural Land Policy @ 60%
91 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 9101 Macroeconomics > 910102 Demography @ 20%
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