Cost-effective prediction in medicine and marketing: only the difference between Bayesian model averaging and the single best-fit model

Darwen, Paul J. (2019) Cost-effective prediction in medicine and marketing: only the difference between Bayesian model averaging and the single best-fit model. In: Proceedings of the IEEE 31st International Conference on Tools for Artificial Intelligence. pp. 1274-1279. From: ICTAI 2019: IEEE 31st International Conference on Tools for Artificial Intelligence, 4-6 November 2019, Portland, OR, USA.

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Abstract

There is a need for cost-effective tools to identify a small fraction of the population with a high probability of having a disease (in medicine) or buying the product (in marketing). Instead of the most probable model, Bayesian model averaging attempts to find the most probable prediction, given the data. None of these methods give satisfactory results in predicting from small-data, low-signal data sets. Using an example problem of predicting who has a rare lung cancer, this paper demonstrates that improved results can be found from considering only the difference between the predictions of the single best-fit model and Bayesian model averaging, and shows the correlation between precision for cancer and the size of that difference in predictions.

Item ID: 62315
Item Type: Conference Item (Research - E1)
ISBN: 978-1-7281-3798-8
Keywords: Bayesian model averaging, ensemble methods, committee of committees, cancer, medical diagnostics
Copyright Information: Copyright IEEE Computer Society
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2020 03:34
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences > 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 10%
08 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 0805 Distributed Computing > 080501 Distributed and Grid Systems @ 10%
08 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing > 080199 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing not elsewhere classified @ 80%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920203 Diagnostic Methods @ 70%
89 INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION SERVICES > 8999 Other Information and Communication Services > 899999 Information and Communication Services not elsewhere classified @ 30%
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