Origins and assembly of Malesian rainforests

Kooyman, Robert M., Morley, Robert J., Crayn, Darren M., Joyce, Elizabeth M., Rossetto, Maurizio, Slik, J. W. Ferry, Strijk, Joeri S., Su, Tao, Yap, Jia-Yee S., and Wilf, Peter (2019) Origins and assembly of Malesian rainforests. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 50. pp. 119-143.

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Abstract

Unraveling the origins of Malesia's once vast, hyperdiverse rainforests is a perennial challenge. Major contributions to rainforest assembly came from floristic elements carried on the Indian Plate and montane elementsfrom the Australian Plate (Sahul). The Sahul component is now understood to include substantial two-way exchanges with Sunda inclusive of lowland taxa. Evidence for the relative contributions of the great Asiatic floristic interchanges (GAFIs) with India and Sahul, respectively, to the flora of Malesia comes from contemporary lineage distributions, the fossil record, time-calibrated phylogenies, functional traits, and the spatial structure of genetic diversity. Functional-trait and biome conservatism are noted features of montane austral lineages from Sahul (e.g., diverse Podocarpaceae), whereas the abundance and diversity of lowland lineages, including Syzygium (Myrtaceae) and the Asian dipterocarps (Dipterocarpoideae), reflect a less well understood combination of dispersal, ecology, and adaptive radiations. Thus, Malesian rainforest assembly has been shaped by sharply contrasting evolutionary origins and biogeographic histories.

Item ID: 62084
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1545-2069
Keywords: GAFI, great Asiatic floristic interchange, India, Malesia, paleobotany, rainforest assembly, Sunda-Sahul
Copyright Information: © 2019 Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics. All rights reserved.
Funders: National Science Foundation (USA), David and Lucile Packard Foundation, National Geographic Society (USA), Australian Research Council (ARC), Australian Biological Resources Study (ABRS), National Natural Science Foundation of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)
Projects and Grants: NSF grant DEB-1556666, NGS grant 9525-14, ARC Discovery grant DP160100098, ABRS grant RFL211-42, CAS grant Y4ZK111B01
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2020 05:29
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0603 Evolutionary Biology > 060302 Biogeography and Phylogeography @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960805 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scales @ 100%
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