Four-weekly benzathine penicillin G provides inadequate protection against acute rheumatic fever in some children

de Dassel, Jessica L., Malik, Halla, Ralph, Anna P., Hardie, Kate, Remenyi, Boglarka, and Francis, Joshua R. (2019) Four-weekly benzathine penicillin G provides inadequate protection against acute rheumatic fever in some children. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 100 (5). pp. 1118-1120.

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Abstract

This study aimed to identify recurrent acute rheumatic fever (ARF) episodes which occurred despite adherence to prophylactic benzathine penicillin G (BPG). Data from Australia’s Northern Territory were analyzed; ARF recurrences between 2012 and 2017 diagnosed while the person was prescribed BPG were identified. Days at risk (DAR)—median and interquartile range—preceding ARF onset were calculated. The timing of BPG doses was examined for individuals with no DAR. One hundred sixty-nine ARF recurrences were analyzed; median DAR in the previous 8 weeks before ARF onset was 29. Most recurrences occurred following > 7 DAR (87%). Eight recurrences (5%) occurred despite no DAR; all were aged less than 16 years at the time of their recurrence/s. Recurrent ARF most commonly occurs after delayed BPG doses, but in some cases, receiving every prescribed BPG dose on time did not prevent recurrent ARF. A method to identify high-risk individuals before recurrent ARF is needed.

Item ID: 62041
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1476-1645
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2019 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2020 00:20
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110309 Infectious Diseases @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920109 Infectious Diseases @ 100%
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