Systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials examining the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in people with diabetes-related lower limb ulcers

Golledge, J., and Singh, T.P. (2019) Systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials examining the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in people with diabetes-related lower limb ulcers. Diabetic Medicine, 36 (7). pp. 813-826.

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Abstract

Aim: To examine the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in healing diabetes-related lower limb ulcers through a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials.

Methods: A literature search was conducted to identify appropriate clinical trials. Inclusion required randomized study design and reporting of the proportion of diabetes-related lower limb ulcers that healed. A meta-analysis was performed to examine the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy on ulcer healing. The secondary outcomes were minor and major amputations.

Results: Nine randomized trials involving 585 participants were included. People allocated to hyperbaric oxygen therapy were more likely to have complete ulcer healing (relative risk 1.95, 95% CI 1.51–2.52; P<0.001), and less likely to require major (relative risk 0.54, 95% CI 0.36–0.81; P=0.003) or minor (relative risk 0.68, 95% CI 0.48–0.98; P=0.040) amputations than control groups. Sensitivity analyses suggested the findings were dependent on the inclusion of one trial. Adverse events included ear barotrauma and a seizure. Many of the trials were noted to have methodological weaknesses including absence of blinding of outcome assessors, lack of a justifiable sample size calculation and limited follow-up.

Conclusions: This meta-analysis suggests hyperbaric oxygen therapy improves the healing of diabetes-related lower limb ulcers and reduces the requirement for amputation. Confidence in these results is limited by significant design weaknesses of previous trials and inconsistent findings. A more rigorous assessment of the efficacy of hyperbaric the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen therapy is needed.

Item ID: 61771
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1464-5491
Copyright Information: © 2019 Diabetes UK
Funders: National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), James Cook University (JCU), Queensland Government (QG)
Projects and Grants: NHMRC Grant Number: 1019921, NHMRC Grant Number: 1117061, JCU Grant Number: Strategic Research Investment Fund, QG Grant Number: SCRF
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2020 04:35
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110299 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920199 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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