Investigating the impacts of energy access scenarios in the Nigerian household sector by 2030

Dioha, Michael O., and Emodi, Nnaemeka Vincent (2019) Investigating the impacts of energy access scenarios in the Nigerian household sector by 2030. Resources, 8 (3). 127.

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Lack of access to modern forms of energy continues to hamper socio-economic development in Nigeria, and about 94% and 39% of the Nigerian population do not have access to clean cooking equipment and electricity, respectively. The United Nations Sustainable Energy for All initiative and Sustainable Development Goal number seven seek to provide universal modern energy for all by 2030. However, the implications of these global goals on Nigeria's energy system have not been well researched in the literature. In this study, we applied the Long-Range Energy Alternatives Planning Systems model to analyse the impacts of different energy access scenarios by 2030 on household energy consumption, CO₂ emissions and local air pollutant emissions. We also analysed different scenarios for biomass renewability in order to understand its impact on household net CO₂ emissions. We found that achieving a 100% modern energy access by 2030 would reduce final energy demand by around 845 PJ, which is equivalent to a 52.4% reduction when compared to the baseline scenario. A 100% modern access would also significantly reduce local air pollutants, but increase CO₂ emissions significantly by 16.7 MtCO₂ compared to the baseline scenario. Our analysis shows that the benefits of modern energy access have been limited in Nigeria due to poor financing and low income levels of households. Therefore, we argue that for a 100% modern energy access in Nigeria by 2030, there is a need to explore local and foreign funding sources, and a serious need to couple energy access programs in the country with income-generating activities.

Item ID: 61725
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2079-9276
Keywords: energy access, energy policy, household, LEAP, Nigeria, SDG 7
Copyright Information: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Date Deposited: 11 May 2020 23:19
FoR Codes: 38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380105 Environment and resource economics @ 100%
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