The dynamics of proclaimed privately protected areas in South Africa over 83 years

De Vos, Alta, Clements, Hayley S., Biggs, Duan, and Cumming, Graeme S. (2019) The dynamics of proclaimed privately protected areas in South Africa over 83 years. Conservation Letters, 12 (6). e12644.

PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (998kB) | Preview
View at Publisher Website:


Views that protected area (PA) expansion relies predominantly on land purchased by government are increasingly being challenged. The inclusion of privately owned PAs (PPAs) in national conservation strategies is now commonplace, but little is known about their long-term persistence and how it compares to that of state-owned PAs. We undertook the first long-term assessment of the dynamics of a national system of terrestrial PPAs, assessing its growth, as well as its resilience to downgrading, downsizing, and degazettement (PADDD). Between 1926 and 2018, 6.2% of all private nature reserves established in South Africa were degazetted, compared to 2.2% of state-owned nature reserves. Privately owned PA growth exceeded that of state-owned PAs. Trends in PA establishment differed between privately owned and state-owned PAs, reflecting different legislative, political, and economic events. Our findings highlight the value of enabling legislative environments to facilitate PPA establishment, and demonstrate the potential of PPAs as a long-term conservation strategy.

Item ID: 61693
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1755-263X
Keywords: PADDD, privately protected areas, protected area dynamics, protected area expansion, protected area resilience, South Africa, voluntary land rights transfer
Copyright Information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. © 2019 The Authors. Conservation Letters published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Funders: Claude Leon Foundation, Australian Research Council (ARC), Rhodes University Council, National Research Foundation, South Africa, James S. McDonnell Foundation
Projects and Grants: ARC DE 160101182
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2020 00:17
FoR Codes: 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410404 Environmental management @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960601 Economic Incentives for Environmental Protection @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 762
Last 12 Months: 60
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page