Photon-induced, timescale, and electrode effects critical for the in situ X-ray spectroscopic analysis of electrocatalysts: the water oxidation case

King, Hannah J., Fournier, Maxime, Bonke, Shannon A., Seeman, Enrico, Chatti, Manjunath, Jumabekov, Askhat N., Johannessen, Bernt, Kappen, Peter, Simonov, Alexandr N., and Hocking, Rosalie K. (2019) Photon-induced, timescale, and electrode effects critical for the in situ X-ray spectroscopic analysis of electrocatalysts: the water oxidation case. Journal of Physical Chemistry Part C, 123 (47). pp. 28533-28549.

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Abstract

In situ experiments combining X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and electrochemistry have now become an indispensable tool for understanding the mechanisms of operation, structure, and the modes of degradation of electrocatalysts under operational conditions. Herein, the design of a gas- and liquid-tight spectroelectrochemical cell (SEC) and an experimental protocol for the simultaneous collection of high-quality XAS and electrochemical data are introduced. The effects of the working electrode, loading of active material, and X-ray damage are demonstrated and interpreted by an example of a well-known heterogenite-like cobalt oxide water oxidation catalyst. The SEC permitted reproducible X-ray absorption near edge structure to be collected with a resolution of at least 0.05 eV (equivalent to approximately 0.02 unit oxidation state sensitivity) and allowed X-ray-mediated photoeffects to be examined in detail. Furthermore, tracking of the potential-dependent changes in the oxidation state of a cobalt oxide catalyst with high precision and reproducibility is demonstrated. These in situ XAS data are correlated with a previous detailed electrokinetic analysis to identify the nature of the active state of the heterogenite-like water oxidation catalyst and conclude that metal oxidation states higher than IV are not involved in the catalytic mechanism. Finally, the implications of the significantly different timescales of the probed electron transfer events and the XAS analysis on the interpretation of the in situ spectroelectrochemical data are critically discussed, focusing on the mechanism of the water oxidation reaction.

Item ID: 61674
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1932-7455
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Copyright Information: © 2019 American Chemical Society.
Additional Information:

A version of this publication was included as Chapter 4 of the following PhD thesis King, Hannah (2019) The role of structural disorder in increasing the activity of cobalt oxide and manganese oxide water oxidation catalysts. PhD thesis, James Cook University, which is available Open Access in ResearchOnline@JCU. Please see the Related URLs for access.

Funders: Swinburne University (SU), Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, CSIRO Manufactoring (CM), ARC Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science (ACES), Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA)
Projects and Grants: SU Women in STEM fellowship, CM Office of the Chief Executive Postdoctoral Fellowship, ACES CE140100012, ARENA contract no. 2018/RND008
Date Deposited: 06 May 2020 22:38
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0302 Inorganic Chemistry > 030207 Transition Metal Chemistry @ 100%
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