Dynamic evaluation of patellofemoral instability: a clinical reality or just a research field? A literature review

Barroso Rosa, Sergio, Mc Ewen, Peter, Doma, Kenji, Loro Ferrer, Juan Francisco, and Grant, Andrea (2019) Dynamic evaluation of patellofemoral instability: a clinical reality or just a research field? A literature review. Orthopaedic Surgery, 11 (6). pp. 932-942.

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Patellofemoral instability (PFI) is one of the most disabling conditions in the knee, often affecting young individuals. Despite its not uncommon presentation, the underlying biomechanical features leading to this entity are not entirely understood. The suitability of classic physical examination manoeuvres and imaging tests is a matter of discussion among treating surgeons, and so are the findings provided by these means. A potential cause for this lack of consensus is the fact that, classically, the diagnostic approach for PFI has relied on statically obtained data. Many authors advocate for the study of this entity in a dynamic scenario, closer to the actual situation in which the instability episodes occur. In this literature review, we have compiled the available data from the last decades regarding dynamic evaluation methods for PFI and related conditions. Several categories are presented, grouping the related techniques and devices: physical examination, imaging modalities (ultrasound (US), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) and combined methods), arthroscopic evaluation, and others. In conclusion, although a vast number of quality studies are presented, in which comprehensive data about the biomechanics of the patellofemoral joint (PFJ) are described, this evidence has not yet reached clinical practice universally. Most of the data still stays in the research field and is seldom employed to assist a better understanding of the PFI cases and their ideal treatment targets.

Item ID: 61657
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1757-7861
Keywords: diagnostic techniques, movement, muscle contraction, patellar dislocation, patellofemoral joint, procedures
Copyright Information: © 2019 The Authors.
Date Deposited: 05 May 2020 22:41
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3202 Clinical sciences > 320216 Orthopaedics @ 100%
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