Two-source delta O-18 method to validate the (COO)-O-18-photosynthetic discrimination model: implications for mesophyll conductance

Holloway-Phillips, Meisha, Cernusak, Lucas A., Stuart-Williams, Hilary, Ubierna, Nerea, and Farquhar, Graham D. (2019) Two-source delta O-18 method to validate the (COO)-O-18-photosynthetic discrimination model: implications for mesophyll conductance. Plant Physiology, 181 (3). pp. 1175-1190.

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Theoretical models of photosynthetic isotopic discrimination of CO2 (C-13 and O-18) are commonly used to estimate mesophyll conductance (g(m)). This requires making simplifying assumptions and assigning parameter values so that g(m) can be solved for as the residual term. Uncertainties in g(m) estimation occur due to measurement noise and assumptions not holding, including parameter uncertainty and model parametrization. Uncertainties in the C-13 model have been explored previously, but there has been little testing undertaken to determine the reliability of g(m) estimates from the O-18 model (g(m18)). In this study, we exploited the action of carbonic anhydrase in equilibrating CO2 with leaf water and manipulated the observed photosynthetic discrimination (Delta O-18) by changing the oxygen isotopic composition of the source gas CO2 and water vapor. We developed a two-source delta O-18 method, whereby two measurements of Delta O-18 were obtained for a leaf with its gas-exchange characteristics otherwise unchanged. Measurements were performed in broad bean (Vicia faba) and Algerian oak (Quercus canariensis) in response to light and vapor pressure deficit. Despite manipulating the Delta O-18 by over 100 parts per thousand, in most cases we observed consistency in the calculated g(m18), providing confidence in the measurements and model theory. Where there were differences in g(m18) estimates between source-gas measurements, we explored uncertainty associated with two model assumptions (the isotopic composition of water at the sites of CO2-water exchange, and the humidity of the leaf internal airspace) and found evidence for both. Finally, we provide experimental guidelines to minimize the sensitivity of g(m18) estimates to measurement errors. The two-source delta O-18 method offers a flexible tool for model parameterization and provides an opportunity to refine our understanding of leaf water and CO2 fluxes.

Item ID: 61610
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1532-2548
Copyright Information: © 2019 American Society of Plant Biologists. All rights reserved.
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC DP150100588
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2020 07:37
FoR Codes: 31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3108 Plant biology > 310806 Plant physiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960806 Forest and Woodlands Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
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