Self-control, self-regulation, and doping in sport: a test of the strength-energy model

Chan, Derwin K.C., Lentillon-Kaestner, Vanessa, Dimmock, James A., Donovan, Robert J., Keatley, David A., Hardcastle, Sarah J., and Hagger, Martin S. (2015) Self-control, self-regulation, and doping in sport: a test of the strength-energy model. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 37 (2). pp. 199-206.

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Abstract

We applied the strength-energy model of self-control to understand the relationship between self-control and young athletes' behavioral responses to taking illegal performance-enhancing substances, or "doping." Measures of trait self-control, attitude and intention toward doping, intention toward, and adherence to, doping-avoidant behaviors, and the prevention of unintended doping behaviors were administered to 410 young Australian athletes. Participants also completed a "lollipop" decision-making protocol that simulated avoidance of unintended doping. Hierarchical linear multiple regression analyses revealed that self-control was negatively associated with doping attitude and intention, and positively associated with the intention and adherence to doping-avoidant behaviors, and refusal to take or eat the unfamiliar candy offered in the "lollipop" protocol. Consistent with the strength-energy model, athletes with low self-control were more likely to have heightened attitude and intention toward doping, and reduced intention, behavioral adherence, and awareness of doping avoidance.

Item ID: 61584
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1543-2904
Keywords: physical performance, psychology, sport medicine
Copyright Information: © 2015 Human Kinetics, Inc.
Funders: Australian Government anti-doping research program
Projects and Grants: #01 -CURTIN-2011-12
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2020 19:26
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology @ 50%
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920205 Health Education and Promotion @ 100%
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