Young athletes' awareness and monitoring of anti-doping in daily life: does motivation matter?

Chan, D.K.C, Donovan, R.J., Lentillon-Kaestner, V., Hardcastle, S.J., Dimmock, J.A., Keatley, D.A., and Hagger, M.S. (2015) Young athletes' awareness and monitoring of anti-doping in daily life: does motivation matter? Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 25 (6). e655-e663.

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This study was a preliminarily investigation into the prevention of unintentional doping on the basis of self-determination theory (SDT). Specifically, we examined the relationship between athletes' motives for doping avoidance and their behavior when offered an unfamiliar food product. Participants were young Australian athletes (n=410) that were offered a free lollipop prior to completing a questionnaire. It was noted whether participants refused to take or eat the lollipop and whether they read the ingredients of the lollipop. The questionnaire assessed autonomous and controlled forms of motivation, amotivation, doping intentions, and adherence regarding doping avoidance behaviors. The results showed that young athletes who adopted controlled reasons to avoid doping in sport (e.g., not getting caught) tended to report higher adherence to behaviors related to avoiding and monitoring banned substances, whereas those who adopted autonomous reasons (e.g., anti-doping being consistent with life goals) appeared to be more willing to read the ingredients of the provided food. The significant interaction effect between autonomous and controlled motivation indicated that autonomous motivation was more predictive to doping intention for athletes with low controlled motivation. It is concluded that SDT may help understand the motivational processes of the prevention of unintentional doping in sport.

Item ID: 61583
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1600-0838
Keywords: banned performance-enhancing substances, doping avoidance, drug control in sport, substance abuse
Copyright Information: © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Funders: Australian Government anti-doping research program
Projects and Grants: #01‐CURTIN‐2011‐12
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2020 21:33
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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