"Getting connected": high school physical education teacher behaviors that facilitate students' relatedness support perceptions

Sparks, Cassandra, Dimmock, James, Whipp, Peter, Lonsdale, Chris, and Jackson, Ben (2015) "Getting connected": high school physical education teacher behaviors that facilitate students' relatedness support perceptions. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 4 (3). pp. 219-236.

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Abstract

Research within high school physical education (PE) has demonstrated that interpersonally involving (or relatedness-supportive) environments are important for promoting student enjoyment, self-efficacy, and motivation in class. Yet to be explored in detail, however, is the full range of specific teacher behaviors that students deem to be relatedness supportive, and the relevant student outcomes with which these behaviors are associated. Using a realist approach, 11 semistructured focus group interviews were conducted with Grade 8 and 9 PE students (males = 24, females = 24, M age = 13.54 years, SD = 0.58), and data were content analyzed using abductive principles. Teacher behaviors identified as highly relatedness-supportive emerged in relation to teacher communication, in-class social support, and behaviors associated with teacher attentiveness. Analyses also revealed a number of putative relatedness support outcomes reflecting affective responses and mood states, class engagement, intrinsic motivation, efficacy beliefs, and leisure-time outcomes. These findings provide insight into the specific teacher behaviors that students identify as relatedness-supportive, and reinforce the potential implications these behaviors might have for students' experiences in PE.

Item ID: 61578
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2157-3913
Keywords: Interpersonally involving, Need satisfaction, Needs support, Self-determination theory
Copyright Information: © 2015 American Psychological Association.
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC (DE120101006)
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2020 04:35
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology @ 50%
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170113 Social and Community Psychology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920205 Health Education and Promotion @ 100%
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