The self-presentation motives for physical activity questionnaire: instrument development and preliminary construct validity evidence

Howle, Timothy C., Dimmock, James A., Whipp, Peter R., and Jackson, Ben (2015) The self-presentation motives for physical activity questionnaire: instrument development and preliminary construct validity evidence. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 37 (3). pp. 225-243.

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Abstract

With the aim of advancing the literature on impression management in physical activity settings, we developed a theoretically derived 2 by 2 instrument that was designed to measure different types of context-specific selfpresentation motives. Following item generation and expert review (Study 1), the instrument was completed by 206 group exercise class attendees (Study 2) and 463 high school physical education students (Study 3). Our analyses supported the intended factor structure (i.e., reflecting acquisitive-agentic, acquisitive-communal, protective-agentic, and protective-communal motives). We found some support for construct validity, and the self-presentation motives were associated with variables of theoretical and applied interest (e.g., impression motivation and construction, social anxiety, social and achievement goals, efficacy beliefs, engagement). Taken together, the results indicate that the Self-presentation Motives for Physical Activity Questionnaire (SMPAQ) may be useful for measuring various types of self-presentation motives in physical activity settings.

Item ID: 61576
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1543-2904
Keywords: approach, avoidance, exercise behavior, scale development, self-presentation in exercise questionnaire (SPEQ)
Copyright Information: © 2015 Human Kinetics, Inc.
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2020 04:31
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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