Health risk behaviours and allostatic load: a systematic review

Suvarna, Beena, Suvarna, Aditya, Phillips, Riana, Juster, Robert-Paul, McDermott, Brett, and Sarnyai, Zoltan (2020) Health risk behaviours and allostatic load: a systematic review. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 108. pp. 694-711.

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Abstract

Health risk behaviours (HRB) across the lifespan have been associated with higher cumulative physiological burden as measured by allostatic load (AL). This study examines the contribution of HRB and their effects on multisystem biological risk associated with morbidity and early mortality. We systematically reviewed the literature to assess the links between HRB and AL. Twenty-six eligible human studies were included in our assessment of the current literature investigating the association of different HRB that included overeating/obesity, alcohol, smoking, drug use, physical inactivity and sleep impairments in relation to AL. We found that 50 % of obesity and substance abuse, 75 % of sleep and 62.5 % of combined HRB studies showed a significant association with AL. Lifestyle coping behaviours therefore have a significant contribution to AL. This study is among the first to explore multiple domains of HRB in relation to AL. Further research should focus on evaluating lifestyle factors that adapt HRB as a strategy to cope with chronic stress to help decrease AL and resulting long-term negative health consequences.

Item ID: 61519
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-7528
Keywords: allostatic load, stress, health risk behaviours, smoking, alcohol, physical inactivity, obesity, sleep, mental illness
Copyright Information: © 2019 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Funders: Australian Government Research Training Program Scholarship
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2020 07:40
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1109 Neurosciences > 110999 Neurosciences not elsewhere classified @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences > 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920410 Mental Health @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920111 Nervous System and Disorders @ 50%
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