Key knowledge gaps to achieve global sustainability goals

Mastrángelo, Matías E., Pérez-Harguindeguy, Natalia, Enrico, Lucas, Bennett, Elena, Lavorel, Sandra, Cumming, Graeme S., Abeygunawardane, Dilini, Amarilla, Leonardo D., Burkhard, Benjamin, Egoh, Benis N., Frishkoff, Luke, Galetto, Leonardo, Huber, Sibyl, Karp, Daniel S., Ke, Alison, Kowaljow, Esteban, Kronenburg-Garcia, Angela, Locatelli, Bruno, Martín-López, Berta, Meyfroidt, Patrick, Mwampamba, Tuyeni H., Nel, Jeanne, Nicholas, Kimberly A., Nicholson, Charles, Oteros-Rozas, Elisa, Rahlao, Sebataolo J., Raudsepp-Hearne, Ciara, Ricketts, Taylor, Shrestha, Uttam B., Torres, Carolina, Winkler, Klara J., and Zoeller, Kim (2019) Key knowledge gaps to achieve global sustainability goals. Nature Sustainability, 2 (12). pp. 1115-1121.

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Abstract

Regional and global assessments periodically update what we know, and highlight what remains to be known, about the linkages between people and nature that both define and depend upon the state of the environment. To guide research that better informs policy and practice, we systematically synthesize knowledge gaps from recent assessments of four regions of the globe and three key themes by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. We assess their relevance to global sustainability goals and trace their evolution relative to those identified in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. We found that global sustainability goals cannot be achieved without improved knowledge on feedbacks between social and ecological systems, effectiveness of governance systems and the influence of institutions on the social distribution of ecosystem services. These top research priorities have persisted for the 14 years since the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Our analysis also reveals limited understanding of the role of indigenous and local knowledge in sustaining nature's benefits to people. Our findings contribute to a policy-relevant and solution-oriented agenda for global, long-term social-ecological research.

Item ID: 61293
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2398-9629
Copyright Information: © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited 2019.
Funders: Promotion of Science and Technology (PST), Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development of Argentina (MESD), Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (MSIU)
Projects and Grants: PST grant no. ICTO 2014-0046, MESD grant no. ICT 2015-0538, MSIU grant no. IJCI-2017-34334
Date Deposited: 01 Jan 2020 07:44
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050204 Environmental Impact Assessment @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960507 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments @ 100%
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