An asymmetric supercapacitor based on a non-calcined 3D pillared cobalt(II) metal-organic framework with Long cyclic stability

Sanati, Soheila, Abazari, Reza, Morsali, Ali, Kirillov, Alexander M., Junk, Peter C., and Wang, Jun (2019) An asymmetric supercapacitor based on a non-calcined 3D pillared cobalt(II) metal-organic framework with Long cyclic stability. Inorganic Chemistry, 58 (23). pp. 16100-16111.

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Abstract

In this work, a new 3D metal–organic framework (MOF) {[Co₃(μ₄-tpa)₃(μ-dapz)(DMF)₂]·2DMF}ₙ (Co(II)-TMU-63; H₂tpa = terephthalic acid, dapz = pyrazine-2,5-diamine, DMF = dimethylformamide) containing low-cost and readily available ligands was generated, fully characterized, and used as an electrode material in supercapacitors without the need for a calcination process. Thus, the synthesis of this material represents an economical and cost-effective method in the energy field. The crystal structure of Co(II)-TMU-63 is assembled from two types of organic building blocks (μ₄-tpa ²⁻ and μ-dapz ligands), which arrange the cobalt nodes into a complex layer-pillared net with an unreported 4,4,4,6T14 topology. The presence of open sites in this MOF is promising for studying electrochemical activity and other types of applications. In fact, Co(II)-TMU-63 as a novel electrode material when comparing with pristine MOFs shows great cycling stability, large capacity, and high energy density and so acts as an excellent supercapacitor (384 F g⁻¹ at 6 A g⁻¹). In addition, there was a stable cycling performance (90% capacitance) following 6000 cycles at 12 A g⁻¹ current density. Also, the Co(II)-TMU-63//activated carbon (AC) asymmetric supercapacitor acted in a broad potential window of 1.7 V (0–1.7 V), exhibiting a high performance with 4.42 kW kg⁻¹ power density (PD) and 24.13 Whkg⁻¹ energy density (ED). These results show that the pristine MOFs have great potential toward improving different high-performance electrochemical energy storage devices, without requiring the pyrolysis or calcination stages. Hence, such materials are very promising for future advancement of the energy field.

Item ID: 61285
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1520-510X
Keywords: Capacitors, Electrical properties, Electrodes, Metal organic frameworks, Materials
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society.
Funders: Tarbiat Modares University (TMU), Peoples' Friendship University of Russia
Projects and Grants: RUDN University Program 5-100, RUDN FCT (LISBOA-01-0145-FEDER-029697)
Date Deposited: 25 Dec 2019 07:38
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0302 Inorganic Chemistry > 030204 Main Group Metal Chemistry @ 40%
03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0302 Inorganic Chemistry > 030206 Solid State Chemistry @ 30%
03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0302 Inorganic Chemistry > 030207 Transition Metal Chemistry @ 30%
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