Timescale separation solution of the Kadanoff-Baym equations for quantum transport in time-dependent fields

Honeychurch, Thomas D., and Kosov, Daniel S. (2019) Timescale separation solution of the Kadanoff-Baym equations for quantum transport in time-dependent fields. Physical Review B, 100. 245423.

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Abstract

The interaction with time-dependent external fields, especially the interplay between time-dependent driving and quantum correlations, changes the familiar picture of electron transport through nanoscale systems. Although the exact solution of the problem of AC quantum transport of noninteracting electrons has been known for more than two decades, the treatment of correlated particles presents a significant theoretical challenge. In this paper, using the perturbative separation of fast electron tunneling and slow driving timescales, we developed a practical approach for time-dependent quantum transport with nonequilibrium Green's functions. The fast electronic dynamics is associated with relative time while the slow driving is related to the central time in the Green's functions. The ratio of characteristic electron tunneling time over the period of harmonic driving is used as a small parameter in the theory to obtain convergent time-derivative expansions of the Green's functions. This enables the algebraic solution of the Kadanoff-Baym equations in Wigner space. Consequently, we produced analytical expressions for dynamical corrections to advanced, retarded, and lesser Green's functions, as well as an improved expression for AC electric current. The method developed is applicable to the general case of multichannel electron transport through a correlated central region. The theory is applied to different transport scenarios: time-dependent transport through a driven single-resonant level is compared to exact results; and electron transport through a molecular junction described by the Holstein model with a time-oscillating voltage bias is also investigated.

Item ID: 61274
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2469-9969
Copyright Information: © 2019 American Physical Society
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2020 01:20
FoR Codes: 02 PHYSICAL SCIENCES > 0299 Other Physical Sciences > 029999 Physical Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences @ 100%
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