A global analysis of National Malaria Control Programme vector surveillance by elimination and control status in 2018

Burkot, Thomas R., Farlow, Robert, Min, Myo, Espino, Effie, Mnzava, Abraham, and Russell, Tanya L. (2019) A global analysis of National Malaria Control Programme vector surveillance by elimination and control status in 2018. Malaria Journal, 18. 399.

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Background: Maintaining the effectiveness of the currently recommended malaria vector control interventions while integrating new interventions will require monitoring key recommended indicators to identify threats to effectiveness including physiological and behavioural resistance to insecticides.

Methods: Country metadata on vector surveillance and control activities was collected using an online survey by National Malaria Control Programmes or partner organization officials. Country and regional surveillance activities were analysed for alignment with indicators for priority vector surveillance objectives recommended by the World Health Organization. Surveillance activities were also compared for countries in the E2020 (eliminating countries) and countries with more intense transmission.

Results: Significant differences in monitoring priority vector indicators between Africa and Asia-Pacific country programmes were found as well as differences between countries approaching elimination and those controlling malaria. Gaps were found between vector data collected and country management strategies (i.e., for insecticide resistance management and integrated vector control strategies) and for making programmatic decisions on surveillance and control using vector surveillance data.

Conclusions: Significant opportunities exist for increasing vector data collection on priority indicators and using these data for national programmatic decisions for both proactive insecticide resistance management and enhancing vector control.

Item ID: 61150
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1475-2875
Keywords: malaria vector surveillance, malaria control intervention access and use, vector indicators, malaria elimination
Copyright Information: Copyright © The Author(s) 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creat iveco mmons .org/licen ses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Funders: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF)
Projects and Grants: BMGF OPP1174142
Research Data: http://doi.org/10.25903/5dba680ab3104
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2019 03:51
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4202 Epidemiology > 420207 Major global burdens of disease @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9604 Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species > 960405 Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species at Regional or Larger Scales @ 100%
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