Parametric human modelling to determine body surface area covered by sun-protective clothing

Briceno, Leyde, Harrison, Simone Lee, Heal, Clare, Kimlin, Michael, and Paul, Gunther (2020) Parametric human modelling to determine body surface area covered by sun-protective clothing. Ergonomics, 63 (3). pp. 293-306.

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View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2019.16...
 
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Abstract

Solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is the main environmental risk-factor for cancer of the skin. Sun-protective clothing provides a physical barrier that reduces the UVR dose reaching the skin and European and Australian standards for sun-protective clothing set minimum clothing coverage requirements. Body Surface Area Coverage by clothing (BSAC) is calculated by means of indirect or direct methods, which are laborious and do not support computer-based apparel design. To support the sun-safe specification and design of garments, parametric digital human models and protective clothing mesh covering the minimum Body Surface Area specified in AS/NZS 4399:2017, were created making use of MakeHuman v1.1.1 and Blender software. The Whole Body Surface Area (WBSA) and the BSAC were calculated employing code developed in Blender. Thus, different groups of subjects were analysed to explore BSAC. The method assists in the evaluation of exposed body areas in a wider spectrum of different occupations.

Practitioner summary: Sun-protective clothing provides a physical barrier that reduces the UVR dose reaching the skin’s surface. Body Surface Area Coverage (BSAC) by clothing is an important determinant of the sun protective capabilities of a garment. In this study, BSAC is calculated using parametric digital human modelling.

Item ID: 61148
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1366-5847
Keywords: digital human modelling, body surface area coverage by clothing, whole body surface area, skin cancer, MakeHuman
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Copyright Information: © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. In accordance with the publisher's policies, the Accepted Manuscript of this paper will be available Open Access from ResearchOnline@JCU from 14 December 2020.
Additional Information:

'This paper is an invited and significantly extended version of the paper by Briceno, Harrison & Paul, “Towards parametric modelling of skin cancer risk: Estimation of body surface area covered by protective clothing using base mesh modelling” presented at the International Ergonomics Association triannual conference in Florence, Italy, 26.-30. August 2018, and published by Springer International Publishing under the Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, IEA 2018' (see https://researchonline.jcu.edu.au/52568/).

Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2019 04:21
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111705 Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety @ 50%
08 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing > 080110 Simulation and Modelling @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920504 Occupational Health @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920117 Skin and Related Disorders @ 50%
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