Comprehensive health and epidemiological surveillance system (CHESS): a new generation of population health surveillance for the sustainable development of Papua New Guinea

Pham, Bang Nguyen, Whittaker, Maxine, Pomat, William, and Siba, Peter (2017) Comprehensive health and epidemiological surveillance system (CHESS): a new generation of population health surveillance for the sustainable development of Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea Medical Journal, 60 (3-4). pp. 154-172.

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Abstract

Longitudinal health surveillance systems have a long history in Papua New Guinea (PNG). The first surveillance system was set up by the Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research in the 1970s and continued into the 1990s. It focused on collecting demographic data for surveying disease prevalence and programming health interventions such as pneumococcal vaccination, management of typhoid fever and malaria control. The second generation of health and demographic surveillance developed in the decade 2000-2010, and integrated morbidity and mortality data in primary health facilities with routine demographic data surveillance in the community. The aim was to provide longitudinal, up-to-date and timely data for monitoring the long-term impact of socioeconomic programs on health status, and reporting key population health indicators by locality. This paper discusses the next generation. This new approach in Papua New Guinea, a comprehensive health and epidemiological surveillance system (CHESS), is based on the existing systems to provide comprehensive data for assessing key population health indicators and epidemiological trends at the national and subnational levels in the context of PNG's Vision 2050 and the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals 2016-2030 (SDGs). The paper provides an overall description of CHESS, from objectives to study design, scope of data collection and reporting, geographical and population coverage, target surveillance populations, data collection tools and methods. It discusses the capacity to use the data generated to report upon key national development indicators and SDG health-related indicators. The paper highlights potential benefits of CHESS to PNG Government agencies, especially the health and social planning sectors, as well as development partners, research and training institutions and the community.

Item ID: 61113
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0031-1480
Keywords: PNG, demographic and health surveillance systems
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Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2020 00:10
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111711 Health Information Systems (incl Surveillance) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920404 Disease Distribution and Transmission (incl. Surveillance and Response) @ 100%
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