Physical properties of root cementum: part 24. Root resorption of the first premolars after 4 weeks of occlusal trauma

Cakmak, Fethiye, Turk, Tamer, Karadeniz, Ersan Ilsay, Elekdag-Turk, Selma, and Darendeliler, M. Ali (2014) Physical properties of root cementum: part 24. Root resorption of the first premolars after 4 weeks of occlusal trauma. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 145 (5). pp. 617-625.

[img] PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

View at Publisher Website:


Introduction: In orthodontics, adding restorative materials on occlusal or lingual surfaces is a common method to create a mini-biteplane to increase patients' vertical dimension temporarily to facilitate several treatment procedures. However, this method transmits excessive occlusal forces through the periodontal ligament and causes trauma. In this prospective randomized clinical trial, we measured and compared quantitatively the volumes of root resorption after 4 weeks of occlusal trauma.

Methods: Forty-eight maxillary and mandibular first premolars of 12 patients (6 girls, 6 boys) comprised the sample for this study. One side of each patient was randomly selected as the control. On the contralateral side, a light-cured glass ionomer cement (Transbond Plus Light Cure Band Adhesive; 3M Unitek, Monrovia, Calif) was bonded onto the occlusal surface of the mandibular first premolar so that the cement was in contact with the maxillary first premolar. After 4 weeks, both first premolars were extracted. Each sample was imaged using a microcomputed tomography system (1172; SkyScan, Aartselaar, Belgium) and analyzed with specially designed software for volumetric measurements of resorption craters. Furthermore, pain was evaluated with a visual analog scale for 7 days.

Results: There were significant differences in the amounts of root resorption between the control and the experimentally traumatized teeth. No significant difference among the buccal, lingual, mesial, and distal surfaces was found in either jaw. Furthermore, no significant difference existed in the amount of root resorption among the cervical, middle, and apical thirds of both jaws. There was no correlation between age, sex, volume of the root resorption craters, and pain.

Conclusions: Restorative buildups, used to increase the vertical dimension by 2 mm for 4 weeks, caused root resorption along the sides of the teeth during the active bite-increase period.

Item ID: 61019
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1097-6752
Copyright Information: © 2014 American Association of Orthodontists.
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2020 21:16
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1105 Dentistry > 110506 Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 1
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page