Operationalizing vulnerability for social-ecological integration in conservation and natural resource management

Thiault, Lauric, Gelcich, Stefan, Marshall, Nadine, Marshall, Paul, Chlous, Frederique, and Claudet, Joachim (2020) Operationalizing vulnerability for social-ecological integration in conservation and natural resource management. Conservation Letters, 13 (1). e12677.

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Abstract

Sustaining human well-being is intimately linked to maintaining productive and healthy ecosystems. Avoiding trade-offs and fostering co-benefits is however challenging. Here, we present an operational approach that integrates biodiversity conservation, human development, and natural resource management by (1) examining resource and resource user interactions through the lens of social-ecological vulnerability (i.e., encompassing exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity); (2) identifying "ecocentric" and "sociocentric" interventions that directly address the ecological or social sources of vulnerability; (3) prioritizing those expected to yield co-benefits and minimize trade-offs; and (4) selecting interventions that are best suited to the broader local context. Application of this approach to a coral reef fishery in French Polynesia recommended a portfolio of development-, livelihood-, and ecosystem-based interventions, thus suggesting a shift from the current resource-focused approach toward a more social-ecological perspective. Our vulnerability-based approach provides practitioners with a valuable tool for broadening their set of management options, leading to escape from panacea traps.

Item ID: 60680
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1755-263X
Keywords: co-benefits, human-nature interactions, interventions portfolio, policy diversification, resilience, social-ecological fit, trade-offs
Copyright Information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. © 2019 The Authors. Conservation Letters published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Funders: Fondo de Fomento al Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico (FONDECYT), Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR)
Projects and Grants: FONDECYT Basal 0002, FONDECYT 1190109, ANR-141CE03-0001-01
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2019 07:47
FoR Codes: 44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4410 Sociology > 441002 Environmental sociology @ 40%
41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410404 Environmental management @ 30%
41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410401 Conservation and biodiversity @ 30%
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