A volume-pressure tail cuff method for hemodynamic parameters: comparison of restraint and light isoflurane anesthesia in normotensive male Lewis rats

Hem, Nur-Aish, Phie, James, Chilton, Lisa, and Kinobe, Robert (2019) A volume-pressure tail cuff method for hemodynamic parameters: comparison of restraint and light isoflurane anesthesia in normotensive male Lewis rats. Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods, 100. 106601.

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Abstract

Introduction:

A volume-pressure sensor and tail-cuff method for monitoring blood pressure is non-invasive and inexpensive. This method requires animals to be restrained or subjected to anesthesia, but comparative effects of these manipulations on hemodynamic parameters have not been documented.

Methods:

Using a volume-pressure sensor and tail-cuff, we serially measured blood pressure and heart rate in normotensive adult male Lewis rats after light isoflurane-induced anesthesia (5% induction, 1% maintenance) and, following untrained restraint. Blood pressure was recorded until the acquisition of three complete measurements without the range of replicate mean arterial pressures exceeding 15 mmHg (steady-state).

Results:

Averages for the entire series of consecutive measurements indicated that restraint yielded significantly higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure than anesthesia (P < .05), but heart rate was not affected. Following stabilization at steady-state, there were no significant differences in intra- or inter-day hemodynamic values between the restraint and isoflurane groups. The inter-day coefficient of variation for systolic pressure was 13–23% for isoflurane and 9–14% for restraint. Bland-Altman analysis showed wide limits of agreement (±59 mmHg systolic; ±49 mmHg diastolic pressure) between restraint and isoflurane measurements.

Discussion:

Isoflurane caused more variability but there was agreement in BP evaluation by the isoflurane and restraint methods. Using the VPR system, light isoflurane-induced anesthesia and restraint could effectively be used to screen and quantify overt changes in hemodynamic parameters for cardiovascular research utilizing laboratory rodents.

Item ID: 60623
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-488X
Keywords: Tail-cuff; Blood pressure measurement; Isoflurane and restraint methods; Systolic and diastolic blood pressure
Copyright Information: © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Funders: James Cook University (JCU)
Projects and Grants: JCU Internal research grant AITHM-2140.12005.0130
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2019 00:50
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110299 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology not elsewhere classified @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1115 Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences > 111599 Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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