Global patterns of fisheries conflict: forty years of data

Spijkers, Jessica, Singh, Gerald, Blasiak, Robert, Morrison, Tiffany H., Le Billon, Philippe, and Österblom, Henrik (2019) Global patterns of fisheries conflict: forty years of data. Global Environmental Change, 57. 101921.

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Abstract

International fisheries conflict can cause crises by threatening maritime security, ecosystems and livelihoods. In a highly connected world, the possibility for localized fisheries conflict to escalate into 'systemic risks', where risk in one domain such as food supply can increase risk in another domain such as maritime security and international relations, is growing. However, countries often choose hard-line actions rather than strategies initiating or repairing fisheries cooperation. To design, prioritize and implement more effective responses, a deeper understanding of the temporal and regional patterns of fisheries conflict is needed. Here, we present novel findings from the first global and longitudinal database of international fisheries conflict between 1974-2016. We explore the characteristics of conflict over time and develop a typology of eight distinct types of conflict. Fisheries conflict increased between 1974 and 2016, with substantial variation in both the type of conflict and the countries involved. Before 2000, fisheries conflict involved mostly North American and European countries fighting over specific species. Since then, conflict primarily involved Asian countries clashing over multiple and nonspecified species linked to illegal fishing practices. We use this empirical data to consider potential response strategies that can foster maritime security and thereby contribute to broader societal stability.

Item ID: 60404
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0959-3780
Keywords: fisheries; conflict; systemic risk; illegal fishing; climate change
Funders: Nippon Foundation (NF), Stockholm Resilience Centre, Guidance for Resilience in the Anthropocene (GRAID), MISTRA, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies
Projects and Grants: NF-UBC Nereus Program
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2019 07:41
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1606 Political Science > 160605 Environmental Politics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8302 Fisheries - Wild Caught > 830299 Fisheries- Wild Caught not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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