Invertebrate responses to land use in tropical streams: discrimination of impacts enhanced by analysis of discrete areas

Pearson, Richard G., Connolly, Niall, Benson, Lee J., Cairns, Andi, Clayton, Paul, Crossland, Michael, Hortle, Kent G., Leonard, Katie, and Nolen, Jacqui (2018) Invertebrate responses to land use in tropical streams: discrimination of impacts enhanced by analysis of discrete areas. Marine and Freshwater Research, 70 (4). pp. 563-575.

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Abstract

We identified influences of land-use disturbances on invertebrate assemblages in streams draining eight areas of the Great Barrier Reef catchment in tropical Australia (~15.7–22°S), a region of high biodiversity. We used distance- based linear modelling (DistLM) to analyse assemblage data (103 taxa), richness and the SIGNAL2 taxon sensitivity index. DistLM of assemblages explained ~40% of variation across all samples and 7–54% of variation in individual areas. DistLM of richness and SIGNAL2 explained respectively 19–81 and 26–95% of variation. Explanatory variables were land use (especially cropping and grazing v. forest), riparian width, instream habitat, climate (drier south) and water quality (conductivity greater in south). Local impacts of activities such as mining were evident in models of individual areas. A detailed comparison of streams with contrasting riparian management demonstrated a 25% loss of richness, but no change in SIGNAL2 score. Accounting for local environmental gradients and using measures appropriate to the type of disturbance improved identification of impacts and could form a framework for future regional monitoring of stream ecological condition. The impacts identified may be mitigated by remediation such as riparian rehabilitation, although management at catchment scales is required to be effective.

Item ID: 60357
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1448-6059
Keywords: disturbance, macroinvertebrate community, monitoring, riparian vegetation, river health
Copyright Information: © CSIRO 2019
Funders: CSR Ltd, Marine and Tropical Sciences Research Facility, Queensland Department of Natural Resources, Rainforest Cooperative Research Centre, Shell Australia, Sugar Research and Development Corporation (SRDC)
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2019 05:12
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060204 Freshwater Ecology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960807 Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
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