The sustainability of the WTO dispute settlement system: does it work for developing countries?

Wood, Jacob, and Wu, Jie (2020) The sustainability of the WTO dispute settlement system: does it work for developing countries? Journal of World Trade, 54 (4). pp. 531-566.

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Our study provides an econometric analysis of whether developing countries are disadvantaged by the WTO dispute settlement procedure. Despite the many successes of the Dispute Settlement Board (DSB), there is a need to better understand the overall effectiveness of the dispute mechanism. Using bilateral data for about 160 countries from 1995 to 2017, this paper describes the influencing factors for developing countries' participation in the dispute settlement process. By conducting a rare events logistic regression analysis, the results from this study show that the key factors that determine the ability for a developing country to initiate a dispute against another country include the export intensity, retaliation capability, economic power, and economic threat from potential defendant countries. This means that not all developing countries can participate in trade dispute settlement mechanisms, so the WTO dispute settlement system has relative legitimacy. In addition, we further compare and analyze the influence of these four dimensions over different time periods and in different target countries through seemingly unrelated estimations.

Item ID: 60328
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2210-2795
Keywords: WTO; dispute settlement system; developing country
Copyright Information: © 2020 Kluwer Law International. With permission of Kluwer Law International, the Accepted Manuscript of this article is available Open Access from ResearchOnline@JCU from 1 February 2021.
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2019 01:52
FoR Codes: 48 LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES > 4803 International and comparative law > 480308 International trade and investment law @ 100%
SEO Codes: 91 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 9103 International Trade > 910399 International Trade not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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