A compositional study (pXRF) of Early Holocene obsidian assemblages from Cyprus, Eastern Mediterranean

Moutsiou, Theodora (2019) A compositional study (pXRF) of Early Holocene obsidian assemblages from Cyprus, Eastern Mediterranean. Open Archaeology, 5 (1). pp. 155-166.

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Abstract

This paper presents the results of the geochemical characterisation of complete obsidian assemblages dating to the Early Aceramic Neolithic (8200–6900 Cal BC) and located in Cyprus, eastern Mediterranean. Obsidian artefacts have over the years been recovered from a number of Early Holocene archaeological sites on the island of Cyprus. As there are no obsidian sources on Cyprus, the presence of obsidian island-wide indicates long-distance sea transport/distribution, central Anatolia usually considered as the main supplying region. Portable XRF technology (X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry) was applied to determine numbers of obsidian sources represented in complete archaeological assemblages and address research questions concerning the social landscape Cyprus was part of during the Early Holocene, a time of significant change in the broader eastern Mediterranean region.

Item ID: 60150
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2300-6560
Keywords: obsidian, elemental characterization, pXRF, Cyprus, Eastern Mediterranean, Early Holocene, social interactions
Copyright Information: © 2019 Theodora Moutsiou, published by De Gruyter. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 License.
Funders: Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions (MSCA)
Projects and Grants: MSCA Individual Fellowship grant agreement no. 656148
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2019 04:03
FoR Codes: 21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2101 Archaeology > 210102 Archaeological Science @ 40%
21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2101 Archaeology > 210105 Archaeology of Europe, the Mediterranean and the Levant @ 60%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9505 Understanding Past Societies > 950504 Understanding Europes Past @ 100%
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