Island of opportunity: can New Guinea protect amphibians from a globally emerging pathogen?

Bower, Deborah S., Lips, Karen R., Amepou, Yolarnie, Richards, Stephen, Dahl, Chris, Nagombi, Elizah, Supuma, Miriam, Dabek, Lisa, Alford, Ross A., Schwarzkopf, Lin, Ziembicki, Mark, Noro, Jeffrey N., Hamidy, Amir, Gillespie, Graeme R., Berger, Lee, Eisemberg, Carla, Li, Yiming, Liu, Xuan, Jennings, Charlotte K., Tjaturadi, Burhan, Peters, Andrew, Krockenberger, Andrew K., Nason, Dillian, Kusrini, Mirza D., Webb, Rebecca J., Skerratt, Lee F., Banks, Chris, Mack, Andrew L., Georges, Arthur, and Clulow, Simon (2019) Island of opportunity: can New Guinea protect amphibians from a globally emerging pathogen? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 17 (6). pp. 348-354.

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Abstract

The amphibian chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (chytrid) has caused the most widespread, disease-induced declines and extinctions in vertebrates recorded to date. The largest climatically suitable landmass that may still be free of this fungus is New Guinea. The island is home to a sizeable proportion of the world's known frog species (an estimated 6%), as well as many additional, yet-to-be-described species. Two decades of research on the chytrid fungus have provided a foundation for improved management of amphibian populations. We call for urgent, unified, international, multidisciplinary action to prepare for the arrival of B dendrobatidis in New Guinea, to prevent or slow its spread within the island after it arrives, and to limit its impact upon the island's frog populations. The apparent absence of the fungus in New Guinea offers an opportunity to build capacity in advance for science, disease surveillance, and diagnosis that will have broad relevance both for non-human animal health and for public health.

Item ID: 60088
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1540-9309
Copyright Information: © The Ecological Society of America
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2019 07:32
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070704 Veterinary Epidemiology @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 50%
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