Short-term photovoltaic power forecasting based on long short term memory neural network and attention mechanism

Zhou, Hangxia, Zhang, Yujin, Yang, Lingfan, Liu, Congqiang, Yan, Ke, and Du, Yang (2019) Short-term photovoltaic power forecasting based on long short term memory neural network and attention mechanism. IEEE Access, 7. pp. 78063-78074.

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Abstract

Photovoltaic power generation forecasting is an important topic in the field of sustainable power system design, energy conversion management, and smart grid construction. Difficulties arise while the generated PV power is usually unstable due to the variability of solar irradiance, temperature, and other meteorological factors. In this paper, a hybrid ensemble deep learning framework is proposed to forecast short-term photovoltaic power generation in a time series manner. Two LSTM neural networks are employed working on temperature and power outputs forecasting, respectively. The forecasting results are flattened and combined with a fully connected layer to enhance forecasting accuracy. Moreover, we adopted the attention mechanism for the two LSTM neural networks to adaptively focus on input features that are more significant in forecasting. Comprehensive experiments are conducted with recently collected real-world photovoltaic power generation datasets. Three error metrics were adopted to compare the forecasting results produced by attention LSTM model with state-of-art methods, including the persistent model, the auto-regressive integrated moving average model with exogenous variable (ARIMAX), multi-layer perceptron (MLP), and the traditional LSTM model in all four seasons and various forecasting horizons to show the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed method.

Item ID: 60075
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2169-3536
Keywords: PV power generation, short-term forecasting, long short term memory, attention mechanism
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2019 08:10
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0906 Electrical and Electronic Engineering > 090608 Renewable Power and Energy Systems Engineering (excl Solar Cells) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 85 ENERGY > 8505 Renewable Energy > 850504 Solar-Photovoltaic Energy @ 100%
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